Document Detail

Integration of biological clocks and rhythms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23798299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Animals, plants, and microorganisms exhibit numerous biological rhythms that are generated by numerous biological clocks. This article summarizes experimental data pertinent to the often-ignored issue of integration of multiple rhythms. Five contexts of integration are discussed: (i) integration of circadian rhythms of multiple processes within an individual organism, (ii) integration of biological rhythms operating in different time scales (such as tidal, daily, and seasonal), (iii) integration of rhythms across multiple species, (iv) integration of rhythms of different members of a species, and (v) integration of rhythmicity and physiological homeostasis. Understanding of these multiple rhythmic interactions is an important first step in the eventual thorough understanding of how organisms arrange their vital functions temporally within and without their bodies. © 2012 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 2:1213-1239, 2012.
Roberto Refinetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comprehensive Physiology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  2040-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Compr Physiol     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101574442     Medline TA:  Compr Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1213-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Circadian Rhythm Laboratory, University of South Carolina, Walterboro, South Carolina.
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