Document Detail


Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19109289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of this study were to determine how feeding diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber (NDF) concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility affects dry matter (DM) intake, ruminal fermentation, and milk production in early lactation dairy cows. Twelve rumen-cannulated, multiparous Holstein cows averaging 38 +/- 15 d (+/-standard deviation) in milk, and producing 40 +/- 9 kg of milk daily, were used in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods. Treatment diets were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial with 28 or 32% dietary NDF (DM basis) and 2 levels of straw NDF digestibility: 1) LD, untreated wheat straw (77% NDF, 41% NDF digestibility) or 2) HD, anhydrous NH(3)-treated wheat straw (76% NDF, 62% NDF digestibility). All 4 diets consisted of wheat straw, alfalfa silage, corn silage, and a concentrate mix of cracked corn grain, corn gluten meal, 48% soybean meal, and vitamins and minerals. Wheat straw comprised 8.5% DM of the 28% NDF diets and 16% DM of the 32% NDF diets. Cows fed 28% NDF and HD diets produced more milk, fat, and protein than those consuming 32% NDF or LD diets. Dry matter intake was greater for cows consuming 28% NDF diets, but intakes of DM and total NDF were not affected by in vitro NDF digestibility. Intake of digestible NDF was greater for cows consuming HD diets. Ruminal fermentation was not affected by feeding diets that differed in NDF digestibility. Ruminal NDF passage rate was slower for cows fed HD than LD. No interactions of dietary NDF concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility were observed for any parameter measured. Regardless of dietary NDF concentration, increased in vitro NDF digestibility improved intake and production in early lactation dairy cows.
Authors:
C Kendall; C Leonardi; P C Hoffman; D K Combs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-25     Completed Date:  2009-02-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis
Animals
Body Weight
Cattle / metabolism*
Diet / veterinary*
Dietary Fiber / metabolism*
Digestion / physiology*
Eating / physiology*
Female
Fermentation
Gastrointestinal Contents / chemistry
Lactation / physiology*
Milk / chemistry,  secretion*
Particle Size
Rumen / metabolism

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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