Document Detail


Intake and food sources of macronutrients among older Hispanic adults: association with ethnicity, acculturation, and length of residence in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10863569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe the food intake and food sources of macronutrients in diets of older Hispanic adults in the Northeastern United States and to explore relationships between acculturation, years in the United States, and macronutrient intake. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using a representative sample of older Hispanic adults and a comparison group of non-Hispanic whites. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Hispanic (n = 711) and non-Hispanic white (n = 226) persons, aged 60 years and older, residing in Massachusetts. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Macronutrient intakes, collected by 24-hour dietary recall, were compared across ethnic groups by means of the general linear models procedure (with Bonferroni adjustments). Associations between macronutrient intake and predictor variables were tested with Pearson correlations and linear regression. The contribution of foods to total intake of macronutrients was determined by use of a rank procedure. RESULTS: Hispanic elderly subjects consumed significantly less saturated fat and simple sugars and more complex carbohydrates than did non-Hispanic whites. Hispanics residing in the United States for a longer time tended to have macronutrient profiles more similar to those of the non-Hispanic whites. Rice for Hispanic and bread for non-Hispanics were the major contributors of energy. More acculturated Hispanic elders consumed fewer ethnic foods and more foods related to the non-Hispanic-white eating patterns than those less acculturated. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to promote better diets among Hispanic elders need to emphasize maintenance or adoption of healthful dietary patterns based on ethnic and modern foods that will satisfy their biological, emotional, and social needs. Dietitians and other dietetics practitioners can use the information presented here in studying nutrition-related chronic diseases, in public health planning, and in nutrition education and promotion efforts directed to ethnic-specific, elderly Hispanic groups.
Authors:
O I Bermúdez; L M Falcón; K L Tucker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-11     Completed Date:  2000-07-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  665-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
US Department of Agriculture, Tufts University, Boston, Mass. 02111, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acculturation*
Aged
Cross-Sectional Studies
Cultural Characteristics*
Diet Records
Dietary Carbohydrates
Dietary Fats
Dietary Proteins
Dominican Republic / ethnology
Eating*
Educational Status
Energy Intake
European Continental Ancestry Group
Feeding Behavior / ethnology*
Female
Hispanic Americans*
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Massachusetts
Poverty
Puerto Rico / ethnology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG10425-05/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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