Document Detail

Intake of energy providing liquids during the first year of life in five European countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20599300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Intake of energy providing liquids (EPL) other than breast milk or formula to infants is discouraged because it may displace milk intake. Data on actual practice is lacking.
AIM: To describe the current practice of EPL supply to infants in five European countries.
METHOD: Breastfed (BF) infants and infants fed using two formulae (FF) with different protein content were recruited from October 2002 to June 2004. Three-day weighed food protocols of 1368 infants were obtained monthly at the ages of 1 to 9 and again at 12 completed months.
RESULTS: At the age of 4 months, 13% of BF and 43% of FF infants received EPL. FF infants started EPL earlier (median 17 weeks) than BF infants (median 30 weeks). EPL intake was associated with a lower intake of formula milk and solids (kcal/d) in the first year of life. Multiple regression analysis showed significant differences in EPL introduction between the individual countries.
CONCLUSION: In contrast to recommendations, EPL is frequently given during the first months of life to breastfed and particularly to formula fed infants. Infants given EPL showed lower intakes of infant formula and solids. Caregivers should receive better counselling on appropriate infant feeding.
Sonia A Schiess; Veit Grote; Silvia Scaglioni; Veronica Luque; Francoise Martin; Anna Stolarczyk; Fiammetta Vecchi; Berthold Koletzko;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  726-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Div. Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Lindwurmstr. 4, D-80337 Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
C Carlier / ; P Goyens / ; J Hoyos / ; J-P Langhendries / ; F Martin / ; J-N Van Hees / ; A Xhonneux / ; J Beyer / ; H Demmelmair / ; M Fritsch / ; U Handel / ; I Hannibal / ; S Kreichauf / ; R von Kries / ; I Pawellek / ; S Verwied-Jorky / ; M Giovannini / ; C Agostoni / ; F Confalonieri / ; S Scaglioni / ; S Tedeschi / ; F Vecchi / ; E Verduci / ; R Closa Monasterolo / ; J Escribano Subias / ; G Méndez Riera / ; V Luque Moreno / ; J Socha / ; A Dobrzańska / ; D Gruszfeld / ; P Socha / ; A Stolarczyk / ; R Janas / ; E Pietraszek / ; A Kowalik /

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