Document Detail

Intake of alpha-tocopherol is limited among US adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15054342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine alpha-tocopherol intake and food sources of alpha-tocopherol in the US population relative to current Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin E. DESIGN: We analyzed food source and intake data from the 1994 to 1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) with added values for alpha-tocopherol from the US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 15. SUBJECTS: Data from 5,056 men and 4,703 women aged 20 years and older were obtained from the 1994 to 1996 CSFII. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: The complex design and sampling weights of the CSFII survey were taken into account to calculate the mean alpha-tocopherol intake from diet, the SEM, and the percent of the Estimated Average Requirements (EARs) for alpha-tocopherol intake by age group and region. RESULTS: Only 8.0% of men and 2.4% of women in the United States met the new EARs for vitamin E intake from foods alone. Regionally, only 5.8% of men and 2.1% of women in the South met these EARs, relative to 9.0% and 2.6%, respectively, in the Northeast. Top contributors of alpha-tocopherol for men and women included ready-to-eat cereal, sweet baked products, white bread, beef, oils, and salad dressing. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: The majority of men and women in the United States fail to meet the current recommendations for vitamin E intake. Many of the top contributors are not particularly high sources of alpha-tocopherol but are consumed frequently. Greater inclusion of sources such as nuts, seeds, and vitamin E-rich oils, could improve intake of alpha-tocopherol.
Janice E Maras; Odilia I Bermudez; Ning Qiao; Peter J Bakun; Esther L Boody-Alter; Katherine L Tucker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-31     Completed Date:  2004-05-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  567-75     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Dietary Assessment and Epidemiology Research Program, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / administration & dosage*
Food Analysis
Food Habits
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritive Value
United States
alpha-Tocopherol / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 59-02-9/alpha-Tocopherol
Comment In:
J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Feb;105(2):204-5   [PMID:  15668675 ]

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