Document Detail


Insulin sensitization by voluntary exercise in aging rats is mediated through hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20955773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Food in the upper gastrointestinal tract potentiates the glucose uptake response to insulin. Meal-induced insulin sensitization (MIS) occurs as a result of insulin-mediated release of hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) that increases glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. HISS release decreases with age, and exercise causes metabolic improvements in aging, therefore it is important to analyze the effect of exercise on age-associated decline in HISS-action.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that improved insulin sensitivity, by voluntary running-wheel exercise in aging rats, is attained by preserving the HISS response. We also investigate the possible association of exercise-mediated beneficial changes in metabolic conditions and body composition with improved HISS-action.
METHODS: We measured insulin- and HISS-sensitivity in 9, 14 and 21-week old rats with/without exercise. Metabolic markers were also determined in age-matched control and exercised rats.
RESULTS: Exercise significantly improved HISS-dependent glucose uptake in all age groups. The direct action of insulin was minimally altered by age or exercise. Body composition and metabolic conditions were beneficially changed with exercise-induced improvements in the HISS response.
CONCLUSION: The therapeutic efficacy of voluntary exercise against insulin resistance in aging rats is achieved mainly through restoration of HISS-action.
Authors:
Kawshik K Chowdhury; Dallas J Legare; W Wayne Lautt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental gerontology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1873-6815     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Gerontol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047061     Medline TA:  Exp Gerontol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, 753 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0T6, Canada. umchowd5@cc.umanitoba.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
ROP-96705//Canadian Institutes of Health Research

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