Document Detail

Instruments measuring spirituality in clinical research: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21725695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Numerous instruments have been developed to assess spirituality and measure its association with health outcomes. This study's aims were to identify instruments used in clinical research that measure spirituality; to propose a classification of these instruments; and to identify those instruments that could provide information on the need for spiritual intervention.
METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsycINFO, ATLA, and EMBASE databases, using the terms "spirituality" and "adult$," and limited to journal articles was performed to identify clinical studies that used a spiritual assessment instrument. For each instrument identified, measured constructs, intended goals, and data on psychometric properties were retrieved. A conceptual and a functional classification of instruments were developed.
RESULTS: Thirty-five instruments were retrieved and classified into measures of general spirituality (N = 22), spiritual well-being (N = 5), spiritual coping (N = 4), and spiritual needs (N = 4) according to the conceptual classification. Instruments most frequently used in clinical research were the FACIT-Sp and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Data on psychometric properties were mostly limited to content validity and inter-item reliability. According to the functional classification, 16 instruments were identified that included at least one item measuring a current spiritual state, but only three of those appeared suitable to address the need for spiritual intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Instruments identified in this systematic review assess multiple dimensions of spirituality, and the proposed classifications should help clinical researchers interested in investigating the complex relationship between spirituality and health. Findings underscore the scarcity of instruments specifically designed to measure a patient's current spiritual state. Moreover, the relatively limited data available on psychometric properties of these instruments highlight the need for additional research to determine whether they are suitable in identifying the need for spiritual interventions.
Stéfanie Monod; Mark Brennan; Etienne Rochat; Estelle Martin; Stéphane Rochat; Christophe J Büla
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2011-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of general internal medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1525-1497     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gen Intern Med     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-10     Completed Date:  2012-02-09     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605834     Medline TA:  J Gen Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1345-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Service of Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Rehabilitation, University of Lausanne Medical Center, CUTR Sylvana chemin de Sylvana #10, 1066, Epalinges, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Biomedical Research / methods*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Services Needs and Demand*
Quality of Life / psychology
Stress, Psychological
Comment In:
J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Apr;27(4):401; author reply 402   [PMID:  22223136 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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