Document Detail


Instrumental and vocal music effects on EEG and EKG in neonates of depressed and non-depressed mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17138304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Neonates (M age=16 days) born to depressed and non-depressed mothers were randomly assigned to hear an audiotaped lullaby of instrumental music with vocals or without vocals. Neonatal EEG and EKG were recorded for 2min (baseline) of silence and for 2min of one or the other music presentation. Neonates of non-depressed mothers showed greater relative right frontal EEG asymmetry to both types of music, suggesting a withdrawal response. Neonates of depressed mothers on the other hand showed greater relative left frontal EEG asymmetry to the instrumental without vocal segment, suggesting an approach response, and greater relative right frontal EEG asymmetry to the instrumental with vocal segment, suggesting a withdrawal response. Heart rate decelerations occurred following the music onset for both groups of infants, however, compared to infants of non-depressed mothers, infants of depressed mothers showed a delayed heart rate deceleration, suggesting slower processing and/or delayed attention. These findings suggest that neonates of depressed and non-depressed mothers show different EKG and EEG responses to instrumental music with versus without vocals.
Authors:
Maria Hernandez-Reif; Miguel Diego; Tiffany Field
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2006-10-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-01     Completed Date:  2007-02-22     Revised Date:  2008-03-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  518-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Touch Research Institutes, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016820 (D-820), Miami, FL 33101, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Brain Mapping / methods
Depressive Disorder / physiopathology*,  psychology
Electrocardiography*
Electroencephalography*
Female
Humans
Infant Behavior / physiology*,  psychology
Infant, Newborn
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Maternal Behavior / physiology,  psychology
Music / psychology*
Pregnancy
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AT 000370/AT/NCCAM NIH HHS; AT 000370-S2/AT/NCCAM NIH HHS; MH00331/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH46586/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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