Document Detail

Instrument development: cardiac diet and exercise self-efficacy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1437584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Self-efficacy has been documented as a strong predictor of health behaviors. Unfortunately, availability of reliable and valid measures of self-efficacy for a range of health behaviors is still limited. This study validated two measures of cardiac risk factor self-efficacy: the Cardiac Diet Self-Efficacy Instrument (CDSEI) and the Cardiac Exercise Self-Efficacy Instrument (CESEI). A sample of 370 cardiac rehabilitation participants provided data for principal factor analyses showing the unidimensionality of each instrument. Known groups construct validity was supported by a comparison of CDSEI and CESEI scores for cardiac rehabilitation participants and marathon runners. The value of CDSEI and CESEI scores in predicting subsequent exercise and diet performance was demonstrated with a third group of cardiac rehabilitation participants. Stability and internal consistency estimates in the .80s and .90s, respectively, support the scales' reliabilities.
M L Hickey; S V Owen; R D Froman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0029-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    1992 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-12-22     Completed Date:  1992-12-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-51     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, CT.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  rehabilitation
Food Habits*
Health Behavior
Middle Aged
Program Evaluation
Regression Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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