Document Detail

Inspiratory stridor in elite athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12576368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis and medical intervention for exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) are often based on self-reported symptoms, without spirometric confirmation. Inspiratory stridor (IS), a symptom of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD), is frequently mistaken for EIB wheeze. Athletes with exercise IS that spontaneously resolves on activity cessation are suspect for VCD and may not have EIB. This study estimated IS prevalence in elite athletes and determined its relationship to EIB.
SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three hundred seventy athletes (174 female and 196 male subjects) provided a medical history, and underwent spirometry before and after exercise challenge. Exercise challenges were conducted in cold, dry ambient conditions. EIB positive (EIB +) was defined as a > or = 10% postexercise fall in FEV(1). Athletes were monitored for IS during exercise; 78.4% of the athletes in this study (n = 290) were tested on multiple occasions.
RESULTS: EIB was identified in 30% of 370 athletes tested (58 female and 53 male subjects). IS was observed in 5.1% (18 female and 1 male subjects) during exercise and spontaneously resolved in these subjects within 5 min after exercise cessation. Ten IS-positive (IS +) athletes (52.6%) were EIB +, and 8 of these athletes had a previous EIB diagnosis; however, beta(2)-agonist treatment resolved IS in only 2 subjects. Eight of nine IS +/EIB-negative (EIB -) athletes had a previous EIB diagnosis; seven subjects received beta(2)-agonist treatment with no IS resolution. Resting spirometric measurements did not distinguish IS, but postexercise mid-flow (FEF(50)/FIF(50)) ratio > 1.5 was more frequent (33%, p < 0.05) among IS + athletes. The FEF(50)/FIF(50) ratio was higher for IS +/EIB + athletes than for IS -/EIB + athletes (1.97 +/- 1.69 vs 0.81 +/- 0.39, p < 0.05). The postexercise fall in FVC was greater (p < 0.05) for IS +/EIB - athletes (9.2 +/- 5.0%) than for IS-negative (IS -) /EIB - athletes (5.3 +/- 4.3%). No difference in postexercise FEV(1) was identified between IS + and IS - athletes (within EIB + or EIB - groups).
CONCLUSIONS: Five percent of athletes were IS +, with EIB comorbidity observed in 53% of these subjects. Misdiagnosis of IS as EIB is common. The lack of a beta(2)-agonist response in combination with postexercise serial spirometry can be useful in excluding solitary IS and confirming EIB diagnosis.
Kenneth W Rundell; Barry A Spiering
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-10     Completed Date:  2003-02-28     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  468-74     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diagnosis, Differential
Laryngismus / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Lung Volume Measurements
New York
Respiratory Sounds / etiology*

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