Document Detail

Inspiratory muscle training compared with other rehabilitation interventions in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17146997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) (alone or combined with exercise and/or pulmonary rehabilitation) compared to other rehabilitation interventions such as: exercise, education, other breathing techniques or exercise and/or pulmonary rehabilitation among adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A systematic review of the literature on IMT and COPD was conducted according to the Cochrane Collaboration protocol. Inclusion criteria for the review included randomized controlled trials, published in English, comparing IMT or combined IMT and exercise/pulmonary rehabilitation with other rehabilitation interventions such as general exercise, education, other breathing techniques or exercise/pulmonary rehabilitation among adults with COPD. 274 articles were retrieved, and 16 met the inclusion criteria. Seven meta-analyses were performed that compared targeted or threshold IMT to exercise (n = 3) or to education (n = 4). Results showed significant improvements in inspiratory muscle strength and endurance, and in the dyspnea scale on a quality of life measure, for participants in the IMT versus education group. In other instances where meta-analyses could not be performed, a qualitative review was performed. IMT results in improved inspiratory muscle strength and endurance compared to education. Further trials are required to investigate the effect of IMT (or combined IMT) compared to other rehabilitation inventions for outcomes such as dyspnea, exercise tolerance, and quality of life.
Jean Crowe; W Darlene Reid; E Lynne Geddes; Kelly O'Brien; Dina Brooks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  COPD     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1541-2555     ISO Abbreviation:  COPD     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-06     Completed Date:  2007-01-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101211769     Medline TA:  COPD     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Rehabilitation Science, IAHS-Room 403, McMaster University, 1400 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Breathing Exercises*
Dyspnea / rehabilitation
Exercise Tolerance
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / rehabilitation*
Quality of Life
Respiratory Muscles / physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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