Document Detail


Inspiratory and expiratory times for infants ventilator-dependent beyond the first week.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7841695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to determine optimum inspiratory and expiratory times to be used for ventilation of infants older than one week of age. Each infant was studied at a rate of 30 breaths/min (inspiratory times (TI) of 1.0, 0.67 and 0.5 s with expiratory times (TE) of 1.0, 1.33 and 1.5 s, respectively) and at a rate of 60 breaths/min (TI 0.5, 0.33 and 0.25 s and TE 0.5, 0.67 and 0.75 s, respectively). Arterial blood-gases were examined after 20 min on each setting. Fifteen infants with a median gestational age of 27 weeks were studied at a median postnatal age of 9 days and 10 infants with a median gestational age of 27 weeks at a median postnatal age of 24 days. All infants had type I chronic lung disease. Oxygenation did not consistently improve as TI was prolonged, elevating mean airway pressure but, particularly in older infants, was better at TI > or = 0.5 s compared with TI < 0.5 s. In both groups, carbon dioxide elimination was better at 60 than at 30 breaths/min. Thus we suggest that in infants fully ventilator-dependent beyond the first week of life, an inspiratory and expiratory time of 0.5 s should be used as the first choice.
Authors:
V Chan; A Greenough
Related Documents :
14711865 - How safe is intermittent positive pressure ventilation in preterm babies ventilated fro...
2603705 - Investigation of the effects of paralysis by pancuronium on heart rate variability, blo...
23075225 - Cooking fuel choices and garbage burning practices as determinants of birth weight: a c...
17946145 - Direct measurement of airway pressure in ventilated very low birth weight infants.
9822485 - A randomized, controlled trial of oral and intramuscular dexamethasone in the preventio...
2825995 - Extensive surgical excision of large hemispheric "malignant" astrocytoma in a 6-week-ol...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1994 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-07     Completed Date:  1995-03-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1022-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Child Health, King's College Hospital, London, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Respiration, Artificial / methods*
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / physiopathology*,  therapy
Respiratory Mechanics*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of sustained inflations applied directly after cord clamping on lung function in premature ne...
Next Document:  Morphine pharmacokinetics in premature and mature newborn infants.