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Insights into the location of type I ECG in patients with Brugada syndrome: Correlation of ECG and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22119454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is characterized by ST-segment abnormalities in V1-V3. Electrocardiogram (ECG) leads placed in the 3rd and 2nd intercostal spaces (ICSs) increased the sensitivity for the detection of a type I ECG pattern. The anatomic explanation for this finding is pending. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to correlate the location of the Brugada type I ECG with the anatomic location of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). METHODS: Twenty patients with positive ajmaline challenge and 10 patients with spontaneous Brugada type I ECG performed by using 12 right precordial leads underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). The craniocaudal and lateral extent of the RVOT and maximal RVOT area were determined. Type I ECG pattern and maximal ST-segment elevation were correlated to extent and maximal RVOT area, respectively. RESULTS: In all patients, Brugada type I pattern was found in the 3rd ICS in sternal and left-parasternal positions. RVOT extent determined by using CMRI included the 3rd ICS in all patients. Maximal RVOT area was found in 3 patients in the 2nd ICS, in 5 patients in the 4th ICS, and in 22 patients in the 3rd ICS. CMRI predicted type I pattern with a sensitivity of 97.2%, specificity of 91.7%, positive predictive value of 88.6%, and negative predictive value of 98.0%. Maximal RVOT area coincided with maximal ST-segment elevation in 29 of 30 patients. CONCLUSION: RVOT localization determined by using CMRI correlates highly with the type I Brugada pattern. Lead positioning according to RVOT location improves the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome.
C Veltmann; T Papavassiliu; T Konrad; C Doesch; J Kuschyk; F Streitner; D Haghi; H J Michaely; S O Schoenberg; M Borggrefe; C Wolpert; R Schimpf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart rhythm : the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-3871     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101200317     Medline TA:  Heart Rhythm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
1st Department of Medicine-Cardiology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.
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