Document Detail

Insertion and recombination events at the HVR1 over 9.6 years of hepatitis C virus chronic infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22971825     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) exists as a quasispecies within an infected individual. We have previously reported an in-frame 3 bp insertion event at the N-terminal region of the E2 glycoprotein from a genotype 4a HCV isolate giving rise to an atypical 28 amino acid hypervariable region (HVR) 1. To further explore quasispecies evolution at the HVR1, serum samples collected over 9.6 years from the same chronically infected, treatment naive individual were subjected to retrospective clonal analysis. Uniquely we observed that isolates containing this atypical HVR1 not only persisted for 7.6 years, but dominated the quasispecies swarm. Just as striking was the collapse of this population of variants towards the end of the sampling period in synchrony with variants containing a classical HVR1 from the same lineage. The replication space was subsequently occupied by a second minor lineage which itself was only intermittently detectable at earlier sampling points. In conjunction with the observed genetic shift, the coexistence of two distinct HVR1 populations facilitated the detection of putative intra-subtype recombinants which included the identification of the likely ancestral parental donors. Juxtaposed to the considerable plasticity of the HVR1, we also document a degree of mutational inflexibility as each of the HVR1 sub-populations within our data set exhibited overall genetic conservation and convergence. Finally we raise the issue of genetic analysis in the context of mixed lineage infections.
Brendan A Palmer; Isabelle Moreau; John Levis; Ciara Harty; Orla Crosbie; Elizabeth Kenny-Walsh; Liam J Fanning
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of general virology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-2099     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gen. Virol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0077340     Medline TA:  J Gen Virol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
University College Cork;
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