Document Detail


Inner ear barotrauma from scuba diving.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10188355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Inner ear barotrauma among scuba divers is believed to be caused by any of three conditions: a hemorrhage in the inner ear, a tear of the labyrinthine membrane, or a perilymphatic fistula. These injuries may occur concurrently or separately. Hemorrhage and membrane rupture are managed conservatively, while fistula requires surgical repair. In this report, we describe three cases of inner ear barotrauma in scuba divers. We also discuss the proposed etiologies of this injury and the controversy over whether or not divers who have suffered an inner ear trauma can safely resume scuba diving. Although the older literature clearly suggests otherwise, we believe that scuba divers who completely recover from inner (or middle) ear barotrauma may return to diving as long as they exercise caution and care.
Authors:
M F Sheridan; H H Hetherington; J J Hull
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ear, nose, & throat journal     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0145-5613     ISO Abbreviation:  Ear Nose Throat J     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-04-22     Completed Date:  1999-04-22     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701817     Medline TA:  Ear Nose Throat J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  181, 184, 186-7 passim     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tripler Army Medical Center in Honolulu, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Audiometry
Barotrauma / diagnosis,  etiology*,  therapy
Diving / adverse effects*
Ear, Inner / injuries*
Female
Humans
Male
Prognosis
Treatment Outcome
Tympanic Membrane / surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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