Document Detail


Injuries experienced by infant children: a population-based epidemiological analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12671153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Injuries to infant children are an important health concern, yet there are few population-based analyses from which to develop prevention initiatives. This study describes the external causes, natures, and disposition from an emergency department of infants with injuries for a geographically distinct population in Eastern Ontario. METHODS: Epidemiologic analysis of emergency-based surveillance data (1994-2000) for infants (<12 months old) from the Kingston sites of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program. RESULTS: A total of 990 cases of injury to infants were identified, of which 217 (21.9%) required significant medical intervention. Leading causes of injury were falls (605/990; 61.1%), ingestion injuries (65/990; 6.6%), and burns (56/990; 5.7%). Common types of falls experienced were: from furniture (229/605; 37.9%), being dropped (92/605; 15.2%), in car seats (73/605; 12.1%), down stairs (63/605; 10.4%), or in a child walker (42/605; 6.9%). The observed patterns of injury changed according to the ages of the children. Vignettes are used to illustrate recurrent injury patterns (falls, physical vulnerability, burns and ingestions, equipment injuries). CONCLUSION: The results indicate the relative importance of several external causes of injury and how these vary by age group. This population-based information is also useful in establishing rational priorities for prevention, and the targeting of interventions toward responsible authorities.
Authors:
William Pickett; Susan Streight; Kelly Simpson; Robert J Brison
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-02     Completed Date:  2003-04-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e365-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. PickettW@post.queensu.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data
Accidents / statistics & numerical data
Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data
Age Distribution
Analysis of Variance
Burns / epidemiology
Canada
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Equipment / adverse effects
Infant, Newborn
Male
Parenting / trends
Population Surveillance / methods*
Prevalence
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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