Document Detail

Injuries among US children with different types of disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18048794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether risk of injury differs among children on the basis of the type of disability, and whether the characteristics of injury episodes differ by disability status. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from the 1997-2005 National Health Interview Survey to compare medically attended injuries among children aged 0 to 17 years who had and did not have a disability. Characteristics of injury episodes were compared by disability status. We calculated prevalence and risk of injury by type of disability. RESULTS: Children who had a single disability had a significantly higher prevalence of injury than children without a disability (3.8% vs 2.5%; P<.01). Characteristics of injury episodes did not differ significantly by disability status (P>.05). After we controlled for sociodemographic variables, we found that only children with emotional or behavioral problems had a significantly higher risk of injury compared with children without a disability (prevalence ratio=1.50; 95% confidence interval=1.15, 1.97; P<.01). CONCLUSIONS: Children with certain types of disabilities are at a significantly higher risk of injuries than are children without disabilities, but the characteristics of injuries are similar.
Sara A Sinclair; Huiyun Xiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2007-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-09     Completed Date:  2008-08-12     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1510-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents / statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Disabled Children / statistics & numerical data*
Health Surveys
Infant, Newborn
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*,  etiology
Grant Support
1 R49CE00024 1-01/CE/NCIPC CDC HHS

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