Document Detail

Initial findings and potential applicability of computational simulation of the aorta in acute type B dissection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23336853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: Type B aortic dissection can be acutely complicated by rapid expansion, rupture, and malperfusion syndromes. Short-term adverse outcomes are associated with failure of the false lumen to thrombose. The reasons behind false lumen patency are poorly understood, and the objective of this pilot study was to use computational fluid dynamics reconstructions of aortic dissection cases to analyze the effect of aortic and primary tear morphology on flow characteristics and clinical outcomes in patients with acute type B dissections.
METHODS: Three-dimensional patient-specific aortic dissection geometry was reconstructed from computed tomography scans of four patients presenting with acute type B aortic dissection and a further patient with sequential follow-up scans. The cases were selected based on their clinical presentation. Two were complicated by acute malperfusion that required emergency intervention. Three patients were uncomplicated and were managed conservatively. The patient-specific aortic models were used in computational simulations to assess the effect of aortic tear morphology on various parameters including flow, velocity, shear stress, and turbulence.
RESULTS: Pulsatile flow simulation results showed that flow rate into the false lumen was dependent on both the size and position of the primary tear. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between percentage flow entering the false lumen and the size of the primary entry tear and an inverse relationship between false lumen flow and the site of the entry tear. Subjects complicated by malperfusion had larger-dimension entry tears than the uncomplicated cases (93% and 82% compared with 32% and 55%, respectively). Blood flow, wall shear stress, and turbulence levels varied significantly between subjects depending on aortic geometry. Highest wall shear stress (>7 Pa) was located at the tear edge, and progression of false lumen thrombosis was associated with prolonged particle residence times.
CONCLUSIONS: Results obtained from this preliminary work suggest that aortic morphology and primary entry tear size and position exert significant effects on flow and other hemodynamic parameters in the dissected aorta in this preliminary work. Blood flow into the false lumen increases with increasing tear size and proximal location. Morphologic analysis coupled with computational fluid dynamic modeling may be useful in predicting acute type B dissection behavior allowing for selection of proper treatment modalities, and further confirmatory studies are warranted.
Zhuo Cheng; Celia Riga; Joyce Chan; Mohammad Hamady; Nigel B Wood; Nicholas J W Cheshire; Yun Xu; Richard G J Gibbs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  35S-43S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
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