Document Detail


The initial maternal cost of providing 100 mL of human milk for very low birth weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20113201     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Human milk (HM) feeding is associated with lower incidence and severity of costly prematurity-specific morbidities compared to formula feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW; <1,500 g) infants. However, the costs of providing HM are not routinely reimbursed by payers and can be a significant barrier for mothers. This study determined the initial maternal cost of providing 100 mL of HM for VLBW infants during the early neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay.
METHODS: This secondary analysis examined data from 111 mothers who provided HM for their VLBW infants during the early NICU stay. These data were collected during a multisite, randomized clinical trial where milk output and time spent pumping were recorded for every pumping session (n = 13,273). The cost analysis examined the cost of the breast pump rental, pump kit, and maternal opportunity cost (an estimate of the cost of maternal time).
RESULTS: Mean daily milk output and time spent pumping were 558.2 mL (SD = 320.7; range = 0-2,024) and 98.7 minutes (SD = 38.6; range = 0-295), respectively. The mean cost of providing 100 mL of HM varied from $2.60 to $6.18 when maternal opportunity cost was included and from $0.95 to $1.55 when it was excluded. The cost per 100 mL of HM declined with every additional day of pumping and was most sensitive to the costs of the breast pump rental and pump kit.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that HM is reasonably inexpensive to provide and that the maternal cost of providing milk is mitigated by increasing milk output over the early NICU stay.
Authors:
Briana J Jegier; Paula Meier; Janet L Engstrom; Timothy McBride
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1556-8342     ISO Abbreviation:  Breastfeed Med     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-09     Completed Date:  2010-06-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101260777     Medline TA:  Breastfeed Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Female
Humans
Infant Formula / economics
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / growth & development*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*
Lactation / physiology*
Male
Milk Banks / economics
Milk, Human / secretion*
Mothers / psychology
Suction* / economics,  instrumentation
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 R01 NR010009/NR/NINR NIH HHS; 1 R36 HS016012/HS/AHRQ HHS; R01 NR010009/NR/NINR NIH HHS; R01 NR010009-01A2/NR/NINR NIH HHS
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