Document Detail


Iniencephaly clausus: A case report with review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22408660     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Iniencephaly is a rare neural tube defect characterized by extreme retroflexion of the head with the absence of neck due to spinal deformities. The important features that help us to diagnose a case of iniencephaly are occipital bone deficit leading to enlarged foramen magnum, fusion of malformed cervical and thoracic vertebrae, and upward turned face with chin continuous with chest because of the absence of neck. The differential diagnoses include anencephaly with spinal retroflexion, Klippel-Fiel syndrome, nuchal tumors such as teratoma, goiter, and lymphangioma and Jarcho-Levin syndrome. Previously many case reports on radiological features of iniencephaly are published, but there are very few articles on necropsy findings and differential diagnosis. In the present case we have discussed in detail the necropsy findings of iniencephaly clausus with special reference to differential diagnosis.
Authors:
Padmaja R Kulkarni; Ravikala V Rao; Mohan B Alur; S K Joshi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric neurosciences     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1998-3948     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Neurosci     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-12     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101273794     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Neurosci     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-3     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
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