Document Detail


Inhibitory effects of ghrelin on sexual behavior: role of the Peptide in the receptivity reduction induced by food restriction in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21667403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ghrelin (Ghr) is a gut/hypothalamus peptide with inhibitory actions on reproductive physiology; however, there are no previous reports of its role on estrous behavior. Under the hypothesis that the increase of plasma Ghr during food restriction (FR) is responsible for receptivity reduction, we intended to evaluate the receptivity percentage of female mice subjected to: exp. 1) acute and chronic FR and Ghr administration (3 nmol/animal/day, s. c.) and exp. 2) the co-administration of a ghrelin antagonist [ant=(d-Lys3)-GHRP-6; 6 nmol/animal/day s. c.]. All females were ovariectomized, primed with steroids, trained, and randomly subjected every week to each one of several protocols, followed by a behavioral test. Experiment 1 (n=8): basal, no treatment; acute FR (aFR), 24-h fasting; chronic FR (cFR), 50% FR for 5 days; acute ghrelin (aGhr), Ghr 30 min before test and chronic ghrelin (cGhr), Ghr for 5 days. Except for cGhr, all treatments significantly decreased the percentage of receptivity (mean±SEM): basal 61.9±6.0, aFR 33.1±8.1, cFR 18.8±7.7, aGhr 45.6±10.6, p<0.05 vs. basal. In exp. 2 (n=11), except for cFR+ant (55.0±6.4) the co-administration of the antagonist reversed the deleterious effects detected in exp. 1: basal 70.9±5.4; aFR+ant 72.3±7.6; aGhr+ant 73.6±4.7. As expected, the administration of vehicle or antagonist alone did not modify receptivity. Besides, we found a significant correlation between percentage of body weight loss and percentage of receptivity reduction (r=0.62, p=0.0004). This is the first study demonstrating that ghrelin is able to inhibit female mice sexual behavior and that is involved, at least in part, in receptivity reduction after food scarcity.
Authors:
M L Bertoldi; E M Luque; V P Carlini; L M Vincenti; G Stutz; M E Santillán; R D Ruiz; M Fiol de Cuneo; A C Martini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1439-4286     ISO Abbreviation:  Horm. Metab. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177722     Medline TA:  Horm Metab Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  494-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Instituto de Fisiología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.
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