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Inhibitory effects of eupatilin on tumor invasion of human gastric cancer MKN-1 cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23292941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Extracts of the whole herb of Artemisia asiatica Nakai (Asteraceae) are used in traditional oriental medicine to treat inflammation. Eupatilin (5,7-dihydroxy-3',4',6-trimethoxyflavone) is one of the pharmacologically active components found in A. asiatica, and has been shown to possess anti-tumoral effects in some malignancies, including gastric cancer. However, its anti-metastatic effect in gastric cancer is hardly known. In this study, anti-metastatic effect of eupatilin was investigated in the human gastric cancer cell line, MKN-1. Eupatilin inhibited MKN-1 growth in a dose- and a time-dependent manner, and induced apoptosis with a concomitant increase of caspase-3 activity. ELISA demonstrated that release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8) was significantly reduced by eupatilin. And p-AKT and p-ERK (p44/42) was reduced. Expression level of β-catenin and integrin was reduced and p-GSKβ was increased. In transcription reporter system, the activity of the transcriptional factor, NF-κB, was reduced by eupatilin and the expression of p65 was down-regulated when MKN-1 cells were treated with eupatilin. Moreover, a zymography study revealed that this reduction in invasive potential resulted from a reduction in type IV collagenolytic (gelatinolytic) activity. The expressions of metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) were also reduced in MKN-1 cells treated with eupatilin. In vitro invasion assay, eupatilin inhibited MKN-1 penetrating reconstituted basement membrane barriers. These results suggest that eupatilin inhibits the MKN-1 gastric cancer cell proliferation via activation of caspase-3 and the metastatic potential of gastric cancer cells via down-regulation of NF-κB activity followed by reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokine-mediated MMPs expressions.
Authors:
Byeong Bae Park; Jin Sun Yoon; Eun Shil Kim; Jiyoung Choi; Young Woong Won; Jung Hye Choi; Young Yiul Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0380     ISO Abbreviation:  Tumour Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8409922     Medline TA:  Tumour Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Han Yang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
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