Document Detail


Inhibitors of HIV-1 attachment. Part 9: An assessment of oral prodrug approaches to improve the plasma exposure of a tetrazole-containing derivative.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23200244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
7-(2H-Tetrazol-5-yl)-1H-indole 3 was found to be a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 attachment but the compound lacked oral bioavailability in rats. The cause of the low exposure was believed to be poor absorption attributed to the acidic nature of the tetrazole moiety and, in an effort to address this liability, three more lipohilic tetrazole analogs, N-acetoxymethyl 4, N-pivaloyloxymethyl 5, and N-methyl 6, were evaluated as potential oral prodrugs in rats. Prodrug 5 was ineffective in improving the plasma concentration of 3 in vivo but compound 4 provided a 15-fold enhancement of the plasma concentration of 3. Most interestingly, oral dosing of analog 6 afforded a substantial increase in the plasma concentration of the parent in rats when compared to dosing of parent. This represents a novel example of a methyl tetrazole that acts as a prodrug for a free NH tetrazole-containing compound.
Authors:
Kap-Sun Yeung; Zhilei Qiu; Zheng Yang; Lisa Zadjura; Celia J D'Arienzo; Marc R Browning; Steven Hansel; Xiaohua Stella Huang; Betsy J Eggers; Keith Riccardi; Ping-Fang Lin; Nicholas A Meanwell; John F Kadow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-3405     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107377     Medline TA:  Bioorg Med Chem Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Bristol-Myers Squibb Research & Development, 5 Research Parkway, PO Box 5100, Wallingford, CT 06492, USA. Electronic address: kapsun.yeung@bms.com.
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