Document Detail


Inhibition of return: a graphical meta-analysis of its time course and an empirical test of its temporal and spatial properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15000537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Immediately after a stimulus appears in the visual field, there is often a short period of facilitated processing of stimuli at or near this location. This period is followed by one in which processing is impaired, rather than facilitated. This impairment has been termed inhibition of return (IOR). In the present study, the time course of this phenomenon was examined in two ways. (1) A graphical meta-analysis plotted the size of the effect as a function of the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) of the two stimuli. This analysis showed that IOR is impressively stable for SOAs of 300-1,600 msec. It also showed that the literature does not provide any clear sense of the duration of IOR. (2) An empirical approach was, therefore, taken to fill this gap in our knowledge of IOR. In three experiments, IOR was tested using SOAs between 600 and 4,200 msec. IOR was robust for approximately 3 sec and appeared to taper off after this point; the observed duration varied somewhat as a function of the testing conditions. In addition, for the first second, the degree of inhibition was inversely related to distance of the target from the original stimulus, but for the next 2 sec this spatial distribution was not observed. Theories of the mechanisms and function of IOR must conform to these spatial and temporal properties.
Authors:
Arthur G Samuel; Donna Kat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychonomic bulletin & review     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1069-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychon Bull Rev     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-05     Completed Date:  2004-08-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502924     Medline TA:  Psychon Bull Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  897-906     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-2500, USA. asamuel@ms.cc.sunysb.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Color Perception
Computer Graphics*
Empirical Research
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Orientation*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Reaction Time
Refractory Period, Psychological*
Signal Detection, Psychological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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