Document Detail


Inhibition of hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity by trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid and its derivatives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10903479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been reported to decrease stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity by decreasing mRNA expression. This investigation was designed to determine whether structurally related compounds of CLA have a direct inhibitory effect on SCD activity. Trans-10,cis-12 CLA had strong inhibitory activity on SCD while cis-9,trans-11, and trans-9,trans-11 isomers had no effect. Trans-10 octadecenoate was not inhibitory, whereas cis-12 octadecenate was inhibitory, but not as effective as trans-10,cis-12 CLA. Of the oxygenated derivatives, 9-peroxy-cis/trans-10, trans-12 octadecadienoate was a more effective inhibitor than trans-10,cis-12 CLA, whereas 9-hydroxy-trans-10, cis-12 octadecadienoate was less effective. Interestingly, cis-11 octadecadienoate and cis-12 octadecen-10-ynoate were slightly inhibitory. However, trans-9 and trans-11 octadecenoates, and trans-9,cis-12 octadecadienoate were all inactive under test condition, as were linoleate, oleate, and arachidonate. Derivatives of CLA acid modified to alcohol, amide or chloride were all inactive. A cis-12 double bond appears to be a key structural feature for inhibiting SCD activity, especially when coupled with a trans-10 double, whereas a cis-11 double bond is less effective.
Authors:
Y Park; J M Storkson; J M Ntambi; M E Cook; C J Sih; M W Pariza
Related Documents :
15485589 - Omega-6 fatty acids and coronary artery disease: the pros and cons.
1815499 - Proline hydroxylation by soybean lipoxygenase.
2842039 - Effect of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid on azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in...
17288439 - Acidolysis of tristearin with selected long-chain fatty acids.
15708349 - Impaired lipid accumulation by trans10, cis12 cla during adipocyte differentiation is d...
14403269 - Effect of dietary fats on fatty acid composition of human erythrocytes and chick cerebe...
5970459 - Fermentation studies with streptomyces griseus. ii. synthetic media for the production ...
6611579 - Pattern of serum amino acids in patients with liver cirrhosis. influence of shunt surge...
7851209 - Toxic effects of cholelitholytic solvents on gallbladder and liver. a piglet model study.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  1486     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochim. Biophys. Acta     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-16     Completed Date:  2000-08-16     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Microbiology and Toxicology, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arachidonic Acid / pharmacology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Isomerism
Linoleic Acids / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Mice
Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase / antagonists & inhibitors*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Linoleic Acids; 506-32-1/Arachidonic Acid; EC 1.14.19.1/Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The capacity of various non-esterified fatty acids to suppress lipid transfer inhibitor protein acti...
Next Document:  Formation of oxysterols from different pools of cholesterol as studied by stable isotope technique: ...