Document Detail

Inhibition of Salmonella on poultry skin using protein- and polysaccharide-based films containing a nisin formulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10983804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to examine the use of protein- arid polysaccharide-based films containing bacteriocin formulations for inhibiting salmonellae on fresh broiler skin. The lethality of the films containing a nisin-based formulation was determined against Salmonella Typhimurium-contaminated broiler drumstick skin samples coated with the film. In the first study, varying concentrations of nisin (0, 100, 300, and 500 microg/ml) plus 3% citric acid, 5.0 mM EDTA, and 0.5% Tween 80 were incorporated into 0.5% calcium alginate films at a 20% level (wt/wt) and then applied to Salmonella TyphimuriumNAr-contaminated skin samples (log10 5.0) at a 1:2 weight ratio (film:skin). Salmonella TyphimuriumNAr skin population reductions ranged from 1.98 to 3.01 log cycles after a 72-h exposure at 4 degrees C. In comparison to the 0- and 100-microg/ml nisin concentrations, significantly greater population reductions were achieved at nisin concentrations of 300 and 500 microg/ml. In related studies, the 500-degreesg/ml nisin formulation was incorporated into 0.75 and 1.25% agar gels and applied to contaminated broiler drumstick skin samples (log10 7.0). Salmonella TyphimuriumNAr skin population reductions following a 96-h exposure at 4 degrees C were 1.8-(1.25% agar gel) and 4.6-log cycles (0.75% agar gel). These results demonstrated that the inclusion of nisin-based treatments into either calcium alginate or agar gels that were subsequently applied to contaminated broiler drumstick skin yielded significant Salmonella TyphimuriumNAr population reductions ranging between 1.8 to 4.6 log cycles after 72 to 96 h of exposure at 4 degrees C. The level of kill was affected by film type and gel concentration (i.e., gel network formation), exposure time, and nisin concentration.
N Natrajan; B W Sheldon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-09-13     Completed Date:  2000-11-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1268-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7624, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
Chickens / microbiology*
Colony Count, Microbial / methods
Food Microbiology
Food Packaging / standards*
Glucuronic Acid
Hexuronic Acids
Nisin / pharmacology*
Salmonella typhimurium / drug effects*,  growth & development,  isolation & purification
Skin / microbiology
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alginates; 0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Hexuronic Acids; 1414-45-5/Nisin; 576-37-4/Glucuronic Acid; 9002-18-0/Agar; 9005-32-7/alginic acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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