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Inhibition of PARP prevents angiotensin II-induced aortic fibrosis in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22846599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Fibrosis is one of the major pathological features of hypertensive vascular disease. In this study, we aim to explore the possible protective effects of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor on angiotensin II (AngII)-induced aortic fibrosis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were infused subcutaneously with AngII. PARP inhibitor was intraperitoneally injected once a day. Collagen deposition in thoracic aorta was assayed by Masson tricrome staining. The mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β target genes involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in aorta was measured. Plasma level and aortic expression of TGF-β1 was assayed. Correlation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) with plasma level of TGF-β1 was analyzed. In cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), effects of PARP inhibition on TGF-β1 expression, Smad3 transactivity, and TGF-β/Smad3 target gene expression were investigated. RESULTS: Infusion of AngII promoted aortic PARP activation. Treatment with PARP inhibitor alleviated AngII-induced collagen deposition and expression of TGF-β target genes involved in ECM remodeling in aorta of rat. AngII increased plasma level and aortic expression of TGF-β1. A positive correlation between SBP and plasma level of TGF-β1 was revealed. Treatment with PARP inhibitor prevented AngII-induced elevation of SBP. Further experiments uncovered that AngII treatment increased TGF-β dependent gene expression through Smad3 pathway in cultured VSMCs. Inhibition of PARP prevented AngII-induced increases in TGF-β1 expression, Smad3 transactivity and its target gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that inhibition of PARP prevents aortic fibrosis in AngII-induced hypertension in rats. This beneficial effect is mediated by inhibiting TGF-β/Smad3 pathway.
Authors:
Yan Wang; Lin Wang; Fengxiao Zhang; Chun Zhang; Shan Deng; Rui Wang; Yun Zhang; Dan Huang; Kai Huang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
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