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Inhibition of CTRP9, a novel and cardiac-abundantly expressed cell survival molecule, by TNFα-initiated oxidative signaling contributes to exacerbated cardiac injury in diabetic mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23212557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently identified as adiponectin (APN) paralogs, C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) share similar metabolic regulatory functions as APN. The current study determined cardiac expression of CTRPs, their potential cardioprotective function, and investigated whether and how diabetes may regulate cardiac CTRP expression. Several CTRPs are expressed in the heart at levels significantly greater than APN. Most notably, cardiac expression of CTRP9, the closest paralog of APN, exceeds APN by >100-fold. Cardiac CTRP9 expression was significantly reduced in high-fat diet-induced diabetic mice. In H9c2 cells, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) strongly inhibited CTRP9 expression (>60 %), and significantly reduced peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), a known transcription factor promoting adiponectin expression. The inhibitory effect of TNF-α on PPARγ and CTRP9 was reversed by Tiron or rosiglitazone. CTRP9 knockdown significantly enhanced, whereas CTRP9 overexpression significantly attenuated simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury in H9c2 cells. In vivo CTRP9 administration to diabetic mice significantly attenuated NADPH oxidase expression and superoxide generation, reduced infarct size, and improved cardiac function. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study providing evidence that downregulation of CTRP9, an abundantly expressed and novel cell survival molecule in the heart, by TNF-α-initiated oxidative PPARγ suppression contributes to exacerbated diabetic cardiac injury. Preservation of CTRP9 expression or augmentation of CTRP9-initiated signaling mechanisms may be the potential avenues for ameliorating ischemic diabetic cardiac injury.
Authors:
Hui Su; Yuexing Yuan; Xiao-Ming Wang; Wayne Bond Lau; Yajing Wang; Xiaoliang Wang; Erhe Gao; Walter J Koch; Xin-Liang Ma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA.
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