Document Detail


Inhibiting the clathrin-mediated endocytosis pathway rescues K(IR)2.1 downregulation by pentamidine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23192368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Drug-induced ion channel trafficking disturbance can cause cardiac arrhythmias. We showed that the antiprotozoic pentamidine decreased K(IR)2.x carried I(K1) current and that inhibiting protein degradation in the lysosome increased intracellular K(IR)2.1 levels. In this study, we aim to identify and then inhibit preceding steps in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of K(IR)2.1 to further restore normal levels of functional K(IR)2.1 channels. K(IR)2.1 trafficking in HEK293 cells was studied by live cell imaging, immunofluorescence microscopy, and Western blot following pharmacological intervention with dynasore (Dyn), chlorpromazine (CPZ), bafilomycin A1 (Baf), or chloroquine (CQ). K(IR)2.1 function was determined by patch-clamp electrophysiology. CQ induced lysosomal build-up of full length (3.8 ± 0.8-fold) and N-terminal cleaved K(IR)2.1 protein. Baf induced late endosomal build-up of full length protein only (6.1 ± 1.6-fold). CPZ and Dyn increased plasma membrane-localized channel and protein levels (2.6 ± 0.4- and 4.2 ± 1.1-fold, respectively). Dyn increased I(K1) (at -60 mV) from 31 ± 6 to 55 ± 7 pA/pF (N = 9 and 13 respectively, p < 0.05), while the CPZ effect on current density was not testable due to acute I(K1) block. Baf and CQ did not significantly enhance I(K1) densities. Pentamidine (10 μM, 48 h) reduced K(IR)2.1 levels to 0.6 ± 0.1-fold, which could be rescued by Baf (3.2 ± 0.9), CPZ (1.2 ± 0.3), or Dyn (1.2 ± 0.3). Taken together, the clathrin-mediated endocytosis pathway functions in K(IR)2.1 degradation. Pentamidine-induced downregulation of K(IR)2.1 can be rescued at the level of the plasma membrane, implying that acquired trafficking defects can be rescued.
Authors:
Rosanne Varkevisser; Marien J C Houtman; Maaike Waasdorp; Joyce C K Man; Raimond Heukers; Hiroki Takanari; Ralph G Tieland; Paul M P van Bergen En Henegouwen; Marc A Vos; Marcel A G van der Heyden
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2013     ISO Abbreviation:  Pflugers Arch.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0154720     Medline TA:  Pflugers Arch     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Physiology, Division of Heart & Lungs, UMCU, Yalelaan 50, 3584 CM, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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