Document Detail

Inhalation burn injury in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19143954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
With advances in burn care, many children are surviving severe burn injuries. Inhalation injury remains a predictor of morbidity and mortality in burn injury. Inhalation of smoke and toxic gases leads to pulmonary complications, including airway obstruction from bronchial casts, pulmonary edema, decreased pulmonary compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch, as well as systemic toxicity from carbon monoxide poisoning and cyanide toxicity. The diagnosis of inhalation injury is suggested by the history and physical exam and can be confirmed by bronchoscopy. Management consists of supportive measures, pulmonary toilet, treatment of pulmonary infection and ventilatory support as needed. This review details the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management options for inhalation injury.
Christina W Fidkowski; Gennadiy Fuzaylov; Robert L Sheridan; Charles J Coté
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2008-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  19 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Anaesth     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-03     Completed Date:  2009-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston MA 02155, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Burns, Inhalation / pathology,  physiopathology,  surgery,  therapy*
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / etiology,  therapy
Child, Preschool
Cyanides / poisoning
Infant, Newborn
Respiratory Therapy
Reg. No./Substance:

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