Document Detail


Infusion thrombophlebitis: a prospective comparison of 645 Vialon and Teflon cannulae in anaesthetic and postoperative use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3189736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A prospective study of the incidence and severity of infusion thrombophlebitis in peripheral intravenous infusions used for anaesthetic and postoperative purposes in 645 patients was conducted over a four-month period. Conditions of insertion were carefully controlled while ward management was according to standard practice. A total of 330 polyurethane Vialon and 315 FEP-A Teflon cannulae were used. The results show that the nature of the cannula was the single most important factor in the incidence and severity of infusion thrombophlebitis, Vialon cannulae being associated with a 46% lower incidence than the Teflon type. Less important but significant factors included intravenous antibiotics, duration of infusion, cannula tip damage and caesarean section. Factors not associated with infusion thrombophlebitis included potassium therapy, blood transfusion or site of insertion in the upper limb. Heparinisation increased duration of infusion without affecting the incidence of infusion thrombophlebitis.
Authors:
P B Gaukroger; J G Roberts; T A Manners
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anaesthesia and intensive care     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0310-057X     ISO Abbreviation:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Publication Date:  1988 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-12     Completed Date:  1988-12-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342017     Medline TA:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anesthesia, Intravenous / adverse effects,  instrumentation*
Catheterization, Peripheral / adverse effects,  instrumentation*
Equipment Failure
Humans
Infusions, Intravenous / adverse effects,  instrumentation
Polytetrafluoroethylene*
Polyurethanes*
Prospective Studies
Resins, Synthetic*
Thrombophlebitis / etiology*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polyurethanes; 0/Resins, Synthetic; 0/Vialon; 9002-84-0/Polytetrafluoroethylene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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