Document Detail

Infusion line model for the detection of infiltration, extravasation, and other fluid flow faults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8319966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infiltration or extravasation is the undesirable infusion of fluids and medication into the tissue space surrounding a blood vessel. If left undetected, it may cause severe tissue damage to patients requiring surgical repair or even amputation. While there are numerous patents purporting the automatic detection of infiltration, few seem to be built into current infusion devices, and none are able to distinguish between various faulty fluid flow conditions. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that the dynamic hydraulic properties of an IV-line can be used to detect infiltration and extravasation as well as other fluid flow faults such as a kinked line or an occluded needle. A pressure step was applied to five IV-lines under five different experimental conditions; the resulting pressure curves were modeled by a third-order system. With a reliability of 92%, the system parameters were used to detect and correctly identify five different fluid flow conditions.
T S Harris; W W von Maltzahn
Related Documents :
3427206 - Osmotic pressure measurements of ovalbumin and lysozyme mixtures.
14972936 - Localization of the porous partition responsible for pressurized gas transport in alnus...
1863566 - Eyelid lipogranuloma after hydraulic oil injury.
9179316 - Pressure-volume relationship for rat dermis: compression studies.
1273386 - Gas exchange in air sacs: contribution to respiratory gas exchange in ducks.
24881706 - Cardiovascular implications of abdominal compartment syndrome.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0018-9294     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Trans Biomed Eng     Publication Date:  1993 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-05     Completed Date:  1993-08-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0012737     Medline TA:  IEEE Trans Biomed Eng     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Biomedical Engineering Program, University of Texas, Arlington 76019.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Computer Simulation*
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted*
Equipment Failure
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / diagnosis*
Infusion Pumps*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  High-resolution EEG using spline generated surface Laplacians on spherical and ellipsoidal surfaces.
Next Document:  An adaptive current tomography using voltage sources.