Document Detail

Information seeking and interactive videodisc preparation for third molar extraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1727457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Patient response to interactive videodisc preparation for third molar extraction surgery was examined as a function of self-reported information-seeking style. Amount learned was compared among patients informed via an interactive videodisc, noninteractive videotape of the same material, or surgeon only. Anxiety levels and satisfaction with preparation were compared between the videodisc and videotape groups. At consultation, patients (n = 35) were randomly assigned to either the disc- or the tape-viewing group. First, subjects completed a demographic survey, state anxiety scale, quiz on knowledge about third molars and surgery risks and complications, and information-seeking scales. Immediately after viewing the video, subjects completed another anxiety scale and a multiple-choice quiz covering the material presented. Subsequently, another 25 patients undergoing the routine (surgeon-only) consultation procedure were given the same multiple-choice quiz following consultation. Quiz scores differed significantly among the groups; mean percent correct for the tape-viewing subjects was 85; for disc-viewing subjects 72.6; for surgeon-only subjects, 40. Self-rated information seeking was unrelated to amount of video viewed by disc subjects (on average, 64% of the videodisc was viewed), and disc subjects who rated themselves higher in information-seeking achieved the lowest postpreparation quiz scores. Subjects in the disc group were significantly more satisfied with the amount of preparation than the tape group. Although disc group subjects were significantly less knowledgeable following consultation than were tape group subjects, interactive videodisc preparation for third molar extraction appears to have some advantages over more traditional approaches. Further research is needed to determine whether this approach to preparing patients is suitable for widespread clinical use.
D N Ader; A R Seibring; P Bhaskar; B G Melamed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0278-2391     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-01-21     Completed Date:  1992-01-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-31; discussion 31-2     Citation Subset:  AIM; D; IM    
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Dental Anxiety / prevention & control
Educational Measurement / methods
Informed Consent
Molar, Third / surgery*
Patient Education as Topic / methods*
Patient Satisfaction
Tooth Extraction / psychology*
Videodisc Recording*
Videotape Recording*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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