Document Detail


Information processing of food cues in overweight and normal weight adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17456287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Based on cognitive theory (CT), the aim of this study is to investigate the cognitive processing of food cues in clinically overweight adolescents. DESIGN: An experimental design with performance-based measures. METHODS: Eighty-seven (45 overweight, 42 normal weight) adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years were examined. All completed an imbedded word task (IWT), containing high caloric food words and matched control words, as a measure of attention interference. A free-recall task was used to detect explicit memory biases. To study the effects of cognitive avoidance, participants were instructed to suppress thoughts about food or merely to monitor them, prior to completing the IWT and memory task. RESULTS: No evidence was found for interference in the attention processing of food cues. Also, no effects of thought suppression were found. However, consistent with hypotheses, the overweight adolescents did show an explicit memory bias for food stimuli, not due to a more general negative evaluation of food words. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide at least partial support for the applicability of CT to adolescent obesity. The study was the first to reveal a memory bias for high caloric food cues in overweight youngsters, which may well reflect a later-stage activation of food-related schemata. These may play a role in food-related preoccupations and overeating. The existence of an early-stage attention bias is less clear and requires further investigation.
Authors:
Barbara Soetens; Caroline Braet
Related Documents :
19076377 - Perinatal maternal fat intake affects metabolism and hippocampal function in the offspr...
22860577 - Iron-lactoferrin complex reduces iron-catalyzed off-flavor formation in powdered milk w...
2404397 - Comparison of thermic effects of constant and relative caloric loads in lean and obese ...
9882567 - Production of leptin in escherichia coli: a comparison of methods.
24669737 - From recruitment to senescence: food shapes the age-dependent pattern of breeding perfo...
2758357 - Food specific skin-test reactivity in atopic subjects.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of health psychology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1359-107X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-25     Completed Date:  2007-06-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9605409     Medline TA:  Br J Health Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium. Barbara.Soetens@Lessius.eu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Attention*
Child
Cognition*
Cues*
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Matched-Pair Analysis
Obesity / psychology*
Psychological Theory

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Showing smokers with vascular disease images of their arteries to motivate cessation: a pilot study.
Next Document:  Why do heterosexual young adults who use reliable contraception also use condoms? Results from a dia...