Document Detail


Influences of maternal exposure on the tolerance and physiological performance of Daphnia magna under mercury stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16111004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the tolerance development to mercury (Hg) by a population of freshwater zooplankton (Daphnia magna) with different pre-exposure histories to Hg. The growth and reproductive performance of the F1 offspring as affected by the maternal (F0) and offspring (F1) exposures was quantified. The F0 daphnids exposed to 2.5 and 25 nM of Hg for 4 d and followed by 4 d of depuration had elevated levels of Hg and metallothionein-like proteins (MTLPs), as well as higher tolerance to Hg toxicity than the control daphnids. The higher Hg tolerance may be attributed to the higher proportion of Hg partitioned to the MTLPs. Moreover, significant enhancement of Hg tolerance also was found in the F1 offspring originating from the F0 mothers exposed to 25 nM of Hg, but there was no significant induction of MTLPs in these F1 offspring when compared to the offspring from the control mothers. The Hg tissue concentrations in the F1 neonates were approximately 25% of those in the F0 adults. However, there was similar Hg tolerance in the F2 offspring originating from both the control and Hg-exposed F0 mothers, indicating that the Hg tolerance in the daphnids disappeared two generations after Hg contamination. Further exposure of the F1 offspring to different Hg concentrations (1.5 and 15 nM for 28 d) indicated that maternal exposure history did not affect their growth and reproductive performance, which solely were influenced by the offspring exposure. Unexpectedly, the F1 offspring exposed to Hg had significantly higher final wet weights and reproductive rates than the control groups, suggesting the possibility of Hg hormesis. Furthermore, the maternal exposure had no effect on the Hg accumulation and the MTLP concentrations in the F1 offspring. Therefore, we concluded that the Hg tolerance might disappear quickly once the Hg contamination was removed and the maternal exposure history was not important in determining the physiological performance and Hg accumulation of the subsequent generations.
Authors:
Martin T K Tsui; Wen-Xiong Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0730-7268     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-22     Completed Date:  2005-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308958     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1228-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Daphnia / drug effects*,  growth & development
Female
Maternal Exposure*
Mercury / metabolism,  toxicity*
Methylmercury Compounds / metabolism,  toxicity*
Time Factors
Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism,  toxicity*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Methylmercury Compounds; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 7439-97-6/Mercury

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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