Document Detail


Influences of lexical tone and pitch on word recognition in bilingual infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22682766     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infants' abilities to discriminate native and non-native phonemes have been extensively investigated in monolingual learners, demonstrating a transition from language-general to language-specific sensitivities over the first year after birth. However, these studies have mostly been limited to the study of vowels and consonants in monolingual learners. There is relatively little research on other types of phonetic segments, such as lexical tone, even though tone languages are very well represented across languages of the world. The goal of the present study is to investigate how Mandarin Chinese-English bilingual learners contend with non-phonemic pitch variation in English spoken word recognition. This is contrasted with their treatment of phonemic changes in lexical tone in Mandarin spoken word recognition. The experimental design was cross-sectional and three age-groups were sampled (7.5months, 9months and 11months). Results demonstrated limited generalization abilities at 7.5months, where infants only recognized words in English when matched in pitch and words in Mandarin that were matched in tone. At 9months, infants recognized words in Mandarin Chinese that matched in tone, but also falsely recognized words that contrasted in tone. At this age, infants also recognized English words whether they were matched or mismatched in pitch. By 11months, infants correctly recognized pitch-matched and - mismatched words in English but only recognized tonal matches in Mandarin Chinese.
Authors:
Leher Singh; Joanne Foong
Related Documents :
7300756 - Hospital referrals of home births in the intrapartum and postpartum periods.
23106736 - Origins of the human pointing gesture: a training study.
22368546 - Transcatheter closure of symptomatic aortopulmonary window in an infant.
22633206 - Outcome and resource utilization of infants born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome i...
8688396 - A multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing elective and selective caesarean se...
8931506 - Potentially avoidable perinatal deaths in denmark and sweden 1991.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-06-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-25     Completed Date:  2012-11-05     Revised Date:  2013-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  128-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, Singapore. leher.singh@gmail.com
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Female
Humans
Infant
Language
Language Development*
Male
Multilingualism*
Phonetics*
Pitch Perception*
Recognition (Psychology)*
Speech Perception*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 R03 HD046676-01A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD046676/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Retrieving enduring spatial representations after disorientation.
Next Document:  Accuracy and inter-observer variability of 3D versus 4D cone-beam CT based image-guidance in SBRT fo...