Document Detail


Influences of cold exposure on digestion of organic matter, rates of passage of digesta in the gastrointestinal tract, and feeding and rumination behaviour in sheep given four forage diets in the chopped, or ground and pelleted form.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4063259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sixteen sheep, each fitted with cannulas in the rumen and proximal duodenum, were given four diets in the chopped or ground and pelleted form, at fixed intakes at intervals of 2 h. The sheep were closely shorn and exposed to temperatures of 22-25 degrees or 1-4 degrees for four periods of 45 d. Flow of duodenal digesta by reference to the markers CoEDTA and 103Ru-phenanthroline, chewing behaviour and particle size of rumen and duodenal digesta were measured. Apparent digestibility of organic matter (OM) in the gastrointestinal tract was depressed (P less than 0.05) by grinding and pelleting the diet, and by exposure of sheep to cold ambient temperatures. This was attributable to depression (P less than 0.01) by 0.1 of OM digestion in the reticulo-rumen. No effects on intestinal digestion of OM were observed. Cold ambient temperatures did not affect the content, but increased the rate of digestion for pelleted diets but not for chopped diets, of potentially-degradable cell-wall constituents of ground dietary material incubated in nylon-bags in the rumen. Retention times of markers of the particulate and liquid phases of rumen digesta were not significantly (P less than 0.05) affected by ambient temperature, despite significant (P less than 0.001) increases in the rate of contraction of the reticulum. Retention time of 103Ru-phenanthroline in the intestines was not affected by cold exposure. Cold exposure was associated with depression (P less than 0.05) of volatile fatty acids concentration in the rumen and elevated (P less than 0.05)pH. Molar proportions of acetic and isovaleric acid were reduced (P less than 0.01), accompanied by increased (P less than 0.001) proportions of propionic acid during cold exposure. Cold exposure and pelleting of the diets were both associated with reduction in digesta particle size in the rumen. Duodenal particle size was not affected by cold exposure. Pelleting of the diet markedly reduced (P less than 0.001) duration of chewing and number of chews/d during eating and rumination. Cold exposure of sheep resulted in a faster (P less than 0.01) rate of eating of the diets. When allowed to express their voluntary feed consumption during a 10 d period, intakes of chopped diets were increased by 0.13 (P less than 0.01) by cold exposure, in contrast to lack of significant change in sheep given pellets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
P M Kennedy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1985 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-12-31     Completed Date:  1985-12-31     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cold Temperature*
Digestion*
Fatty Acids, Volatile / metabolism
Feeding Behavior*
Gastrointestinal Motility
Male
Mastication*
Particle Size
Rumen / metabolism*
Sheep / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Volatile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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