Document Detail


Influence of vocal fold stiffness on phonation characteristics at onset in a body-cover vocal fold model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18531398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The influence of the body and cover stiffnesses on phonation onset and the resulting vibration pattern was investigated in a body-cover continuum model of the vocal folds. An eigenvalue analysis was performed to obtained phonation onset characteristics. The analysis showed that, with increasing body-cover stiffness ratio, both the phonation threshold pressure and frequency (normalized by the Young's modulus and wave speed of the cover layer, respectively) first increased rapidly and then gradually approached a plateau. For a given glottal resting opening, a soft vocal fold body led to a larger prephonatory glottal opening, which had an negative effect on phonation onset pressure, and for certain vocal fold geometries, led to a local minimum in the phonation threshold pressure as a function of the body stiffness. Although the phonation threshold pressure was low for a vocal fold configuration with both a soft cover and a soft body, the vocal fold vibration at onset exhibited a significant whole-body vertical motion and a low sound production efficiency, and therefore it may not be desirable for voice production. For a large body-cover stiffness ratio, this vertical motion was suppressed and vibration was restricted to the cover layer and the medial surface, resulting in a more effective flow modulation and a better sound production efficiency.
Authors:
Zhaoyan Zhang; Juergen Neubauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3578     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Medicine, University of California, 31-24 Rehab Center, 1000 Veteran Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90095-1794, USA, zyzhang@ucla.edu.
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