Document Detail


Influence of ultra-long-term fatigue on the oxygen cost of two types of locomotion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11138578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of fatigue induced by a 65-km ultramarathon on the oxygen cost of running (Cr) and cycling (Ccycl). The day before and immediately after the race, a group of nine well-trained male subjects performed two submaximal 4-min exercise bouts: one cycling at a power corresponding to 1.5 W x kg(-1) body mass on an electromagnetically braked ergometer, and one running at 11 km x h(-1) on a flat asphalt roadway. Before oxygen cost determinations, the subjects performed 12 "ankle" jumps at a given frequency that was fixed by an electronic metronome (2.5 Hz). From the non-fatigued to the fatigued condition, there was a significant increase in minute ventilation for both running (P < 0.01) and cycling (P < 0.0001). Significant changes were also found in respiratory exchange ratio both for running (P = 0.01) and cycling (P < 0.0001). However, running and cycling differed in that Cycyc increased significantly by [mean (SD)] 24.2 (11.5)% (P < 0.001), suggesting an alteration of muscle efficiency, while Cr did not change with fatigue [186.8 (14.1) mlO2 x kg(-1) x km(-1) vs 186.8 (18.7) mlO2 x kg(-1) x km(-1)]. In addition, contact times during hopping increased significantly from 0.173 (0.019) ms to 0.194 (0.027) ms (P < 0.01). Analysis of the factors that determine Cr indicate that the subjects modified their movement pattern in order to decrease the mechanical cost of running in such long-term fatigue conditions.
Authors:
G Millet; R Lepers; G Lattier; V Martin; N Babault; N Maffiuletti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-02     Completed Date:  2001-05-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Groupe Analyse du Mouvement, Faculté des Sciences du Sport, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France. gmillet@u-bourgogne.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bicycling*
Energy Metabolism
Fatigue / metabolism*,  physiopathology
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption*
Pulmonary Ventilation
Running*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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