Document Detail

Influence of type of enclosure on exercise fitness of dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1892257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of various confinement conditions on physical fitness in dogs was evaluated. Eighteen 9.5- to 10-month-old female purpose-bred Beagles were maintained individually for 3 months at a time in 1 of 6 confinement conditions: Condition A--an outdoor housing area with a conventional dog house and free access to a 6.1 x 9.1-m pen; condition B--outdoor kennel with a conventional dog house and free access to a 1.8 x 6.1-m run; condition C--indoor environmentally controlled 1.2 x 3.66-m run; condition D-0.9 x 1.2 x 0.84-m conventional laboratory cage in an indoor environmentally controlled room; condition E--0.9 x 1.2 x 0.84-m conventional laboratory cage in an indoor environmentally controlled room with treadmill exercise (7 km/h at a 10% grade) for 30 min/d, 5 d/wk; condition F--0.71 x 0.86 x 0.69-m conventional laboratory cage in an indoor environmentally controlled room. During the final week of each 3-month interval, muscle succinate dehydrogenase enzyme activities and submaximal exercise heart rates (during treadmill exercise) were determined to estimate physical fitness. Also, 5 days after being moved into a different housing condition, blood samples were collected for plasma cortisol determination. The type of confinement condition for dogs had little effect on muscle succinate dehydrogenase activity, but had a modest effect on submaximal exercise heart rates of dogs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
J D Clark; J P Calpin; R B Armstrong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-17     Completed Date:  1991-10-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1024-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Welfare*
Animals, Laboratory / blood,  physiology*
Dogs / blood,  physiology*
Heart Rate
Housing, Animal*
Hydrocortisone / blood
Muscles / enzymology
Physical Fitness*
Succinate Dehydrogenase / analysis
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; EC Dehydrogenase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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