Document Detail

Influence of training background on the relationships between plantarflexor intrinsic stiffness and overall musculoskeletal stiffness during hopping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18224334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to characterize the influence of intrinsic musculotendinous and musculoarticular stiffness of plantarflexor muscles on (1) the overall musculoskeletal stiffness and (2) the performance during stretch-shortening cycles-type exercise. The influence of plyometric training background on these relationships was also analyzed. Musculotendinous (SIMT), passive (KP) and active (SIMA) musculoarticular stiffnesses were quantified, using quick-release and sinusoidal perturbation tests, on nine French elite long or triple jumpers (athlete group, AG) and nine control subjects (CG). These ergometric parameters were related with the lower-limb stiffness (Kleg) and the maximal performance (Hmax) measured from a force platform during vertical hopping. AG showed a significantly higher SIMT (2.76 rad(-1)), KP (55.6 N m rad(-1)), Kleg (30.3 kN m(-1)) and Hmax (0.48 m) compared to CG (1.83 rad(-1), 37.8 N m rad(-1), 19.6 kN m(-1) and 0.38 m, respectively). Kleg was not significantly correlated with any of the intrinsic stiffness parameters (SIMT, SIMA or KP). For AG, a strong and negative correlation was observed between Hmax and Kleg. These data indicate that, while elite jumpers presented higher stiffness of both musculotendinous and passive musculoarticular structures, a high compliance of musculoskeletal system was beneficial to optimize the performance in vertical hopping for these athletes. We suggested that neuromuscular strategies were designed to counterbalance this higher intrinsic stiffness to solve the problem of the conflicting requirement of the musculotendinous elements: increase in compliance to enhance the elastic recoil and increase in stiffness for a better force transmission to the periphery.
Giuseppe Rabita; Antoine Couturier; Daniel Lambertz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2008-01-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  103     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-09     Completed Date:  2008-07-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire de Biomécanique et de Physiologie, INSEP, 11, Avenue du Tremblay, 75012 Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological
Cartilage, Articular / physiology*
Muscle Contraction*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Tendons / physiology*

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