Document Detail

Influence of supplementary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids on the antisocial behaviour of young adult prisoners. Randomised, placebo-controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12091259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that offenders consume diets lacking in essential nutrients and this could adversely affect their behaviour. AIMS: To test empirically if physiologically adequate intakes of vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids cause a reduction in antisocial behaviour. METHOD: Experimental, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial of nutritional supplements on 231 young adult prisoners, comparing disciplinary offences before and during supplementation. RESULTS: Compared with placebos, those receiving the active capsules committed an average of 26.3% (95% CI 8.3-44.33%) fewer offences (P=0.03, two-tailed). Compared to baseline, the effect on those taking active supplements for a minimum of 2 weeks (n=172) was an average 35.1% (95% CI 16.3-53.9%) reduction of offences (P<0.001, two-tailed), whereas placebos remained within standard error. CONCLUSIONS: Antisocial behaviour in prisons, including violence, are reduced by vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids with similar implications for those eating poor diets in the community.
C Bernard Gesch; Sean M Hammond; Sarah E Hampson; Anita Eves; Martin J Crowder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science     Volume:  181     ISSN:  0007-1250     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-01     Completed Date:  2002-07-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342367     Medline TA:  Br J Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  22-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
University Laboratory of Physiology, University of Oxford, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Dietary Supplements*
Double-Blind Method
Fatty Acids, Essential / therapeutic use
Patient Compliance
Prisoners / psychology*
Social Behavior Disorders / diet therapy*
Trace Elements / therapeutic use
Treatment Outcome
Vitamins / therapeutic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Essential; 0/Trace Elements; 0/Vitamins
Comment In:
Evid Based Ment Health. 2003 May;6(2):41; author reply 41   [PMID:  12719348 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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