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Influence of severity of the cutaneous manifestations and age on the prevalence of several cardiovascular risk factors in patients with psoriasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21545540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction  Psoriasis is a disease with proinflammatory state that has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Method  This is a cross-sectional, observational study, with analysis of 98 patients being treated for psoriasis. Several variables were analysed: gender, age, weight, height, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), blood pressure, blood glucose, blood lipids, obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS) and Framingham score. Results  Ninety-eight patients were analysed (51 men; 52.0%). Age ranged from 12 years to 98 years. About 67% of the patients had dyslipidaemia, 14.3% had type 2 diabetes mellitus and 59.2% had systemic arterial hypertension. Forty-four percentage of patients had the MS and 27.6% had a body mass index >30 kg/m(2) . The Psoriasis Area and Severiy Index were equal or over 10 in 27 patients, 18 of whom had dyslipidaemia (P = 0.929) and 14 of whom had the MS (P = 0.327). Seventy-four patients were over the age of 40 years and, of these, 56 had dyslipidaemia (P = 0.002) and 41 had the MS (P < 0.001). For 89 patients, whose cardiovascular risk was calculated according to the Framingham criteria, 71.4% at high or moderate risk had a PASI below 10 (P = 0.945) and 100% at high or moderate risk were over the age of 40 years (P = 0.001). Conclusion  There was strong evidence that psoriasis patients have an increased cardiovascular risk, chiefly those over the age of 40 years, probably because of the chronic inflammatory state. It seems that the severity of the cutaneous manifestations was not associated with a higher risk in these patients.
Authors:
Djf Rosa; Rf Machado; Fat Matias; Sd Cedrim; Fl Noronha; D Gaburri; A Gamonal
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Affiliation:
Physician of the Dermatology Division of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, Brazil Chief of the Dermatology Division of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
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