Document Detail


Influence of a prolonged lateral position on induction of spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22410469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension occurs commonly during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. We evaluated whether hypotension due to aortocaval compression could be prevented by maintaining a lateral position after an intrathecal injection. METHODS: Eighty-six women undergoing elective cesarean delivery were enrolled. Spinal anesthesia was conducted in the right lateral position using 8 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine and 15 µg of fentanyl. Patients were randomly assigned to maintain the right lateral position for 6 min before assuming the wedged supine position (group L), or to assume the wedged supine position immediately after the spinal injection (group S). Hypotension was defined as a decrease in mean arterial pressure to <80% of baseline. Ephedrine was given if blood pressure decreased to <70% of baseline. The incidence of hypotension and nausea, ephedrine requirement, maximal block height, and neonatal outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: No significant between-group differences were observed in the lowest blood pressure, total ephedrine dose, or incidence of hypotension or nausea. Onset of hypotension was delayed (6±2 vs. 10±3 min, P<0.001), and the sensory block level was more cephalad in group L than in group S (T2 [C8-T5] vs. T4 [T1-T6], P=0.001). Apgar scores did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: During spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery, maintaining the lateral position for 6 min after an intrathecal injection of hyperbaric bupivacaine resulted in a more gradual and higher cephalad sensory block, without an increase in the incidence of maternal hypotension.
Authors:
J W Hwang; A Y Oh; I A Song; H S Na; J H Ryu; H P Park; Y T Jeon; S H Do
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Minerva anestesiologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1827-1596     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375272     Medline TA:  Minerva Anestesiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea - oay1@snubh.org.
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