Document Detail


Influence of patient factors and ablative technologies on outcomes of radiofrequency ablation of intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia in patients with congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12039499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) outcomes of intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART). BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation of IART is difficult. The influence of patient and procedural factors and novel technologies on outcomes is unknown. METHODS: Acute and chronic RFCA outcomes were studied in patients with congenital heart disease and IART. Clinical status was measured using a multiaxis severity score. Multivariate analyses identified associations of clinical, procedural and technological factors with outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 177 procedures were performed in 134 patients; 139 procedures (79%) resulted in RFCA of > or =1 IART circuit and 117 (66%) in RFCA of all targeted circuits. Multivariate analysis associated acute success with irrigated ablation and absence of atrial fibrillation. Twenty-two complications were noted, nine related to vascular access. Electroanatomic mapping failed to decrease procedure or fluoroscopy time. Improvement in clinical status occurred in most patients (severity score preablation: 6.2 +/- 1.6, postablation: 3.0 +/- 2.3, p < 0.0001). At mean follow-up of 25 +/- 11 months, 42% of patients had IART recurrence and 28% required cardioversion. Six deaths occurred (1.8%/patient-year), and two patients underwent transplant. Chronic outcomes were associated with higher right atrial saturations, use of electroanatomic mapping, fewer IART circuits encountered and acute procedural success. CONCLUSIONS: Improvement of acute RFCA outcomes was contemporaneous with introduction of novel technologies. Intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia recurrence was common, and no effect on mortality was discerned, but most patients had effective palliation of symptoms. Chronic outcome predictors included the underlying disease severity, application of novel technologies and successful ablation of all targeted arrhythmia circuits.
Authors:
John K Triedman; Mark E Alexander; Barry A Love; Kathryn K Collins; Charles I Berul; Laura M Bevilacqua; Edward P Walsh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-31     Completed Date:  2002-06-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1827-35     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. john.triedman@tch.harvard.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Body Surface Potential Mapping
Catheter Ablation / methods*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Defects, Congenital / classification,  complications*,  surgery
Humans
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / etiology,  surgery*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K08 HL 03607/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; P50 HL 61036/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL 62385/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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