Document Detail


Influence of osteopontin silencing on survival and migration of lung cancer cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23161119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein overexpressed in many cancers and is involved in tumor progression and metastasis. In lung cancer, elevated OPN expression is associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Therefore, inhibition of OPN is an attractive approach for improving survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used siRNA to specifically downregulate OPN expression in A549 lung cancer cells. OPN silencing was evaluated with quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for mRNA levels and with Western blotting for protein levels. Effects on cell proliferation were measured by cell counting. The influence on tumor cell migration was detected using a modified Boyden chamber. Changes in cell cycle distribution were assessed by flow cytometry. Using the colony formation assay, we determined changes in radiosensitivity. RESULTS: A specific and effective downregulation of OPN expression was detected in both RNA and protein levels. Cell proliferation and cell migration were significantly reduced by OPN silencing after 24 h and the effects were further increased by the addition of irradiation. The cell cycle distribution showed a reduction in S phase and an increase in cells arrested in both G(0)/G(1) and G(2)/M phases. Specific enhancement of radiosensitivity was clearly shown after OPN knockdown. CONCLUSION: The combination of OPN silencing and irradiation showed a synergistic effect leading to reduced cell survival.
Authors:
B Polat; G Wohlleben; A Katzer; C S Djuzenova; A Technau; M Flentje
Related Documents :
23738839 - Divin: a small molecule inhibitor of bacterial divisome assembly.
23040479 - The par complex and integrins direct asymmetric cell division in adult intestinal stem ...
22972029 - Tauroursodeoxycholate, a chemical chaperone, prevents palmitate-induced apoptosis in pa...
23277009 - Semi-automatic determination of cell surface areas used in systems biology .
25464079 - Preparation of heparan sulfate-like polysaccharide and application in stem cell chondro...
23404469 - Antitumor effects of dasatinib on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in vivo and in vitro.
6370709 - Studies on lens vimentin.
21786169 - Valproic acid induced differentiation and potentiated efficacy of taxol and nanotaxol f...
14734499 - Malignant mammary cells acquire independence from extracellular context for regulation ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Rontgengesellschaft ... [et al]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-099X     ISO Abbreviation:  Strahlenther Onkol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603469     Medline TA:  Strahlenther Onkol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Straße 11, 97080, Würzburg, Germany, Polat_B@klinik.uni-wuerzburg.de.
Vernacular Title:
Einfluss der Osteopontinhemmung auf Überleben und Migration von Lungenkarzinomzellen.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Can treatment of pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma be improved by PET imaging and proton therapy?
Next Document:  Proxy assessment of patients before and after radiotherapy for brain metastases : Results of a prosp...