Document Detail


Influence of nonnutritive sucking habits, breathing pattern and adenoid size on the development of malocclusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18302463     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of finger and pacifier-sucking habits, breathing pattern, and adenoid size with the development of malocclusion in primary dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out involving 300 preschool children, ages 3 to 6 years, randomly selected from 10 public and 10 private preschools from a large representative sample of 745 children. The study was developed to identify risk factors associated with the development of malocclusion. The case group (n = 150) was composed of individuals with at least one of the following malocclusions: anterior open bite, posterior crossbite, or overjet of more than 3 mm. The control group (n = 150) was made up of individuals without malocclusions. Other variables were assessed through questionnaires about oral habits, including the use of a dummy, finger sucking, duration of these habits; mouth-breathing analysis; and a lateral cephalometric radiograph to evaluate the airway obstruction related to the adenoids. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Statistical significance was P < .05. RESULTS: The risk factors for the occurrence of malocclusion in preschool children were duration of pacifier-sucking after 2 years of age (OR = 14.7) and mouth-breathing pattern (OR = 10.9). No significant associations were found between hypertrophied adenoids or finger-sucking habits and the occurrence of malocclusion. CONCLUSIONS: The malocclusion in the primary dentition in preschool children was directly related to the duration of pacifier-sucking after 2 years of age and the mouth-breathing pattern.
Authors:
Elton Geraldo Oliveira Góis; Humberto Campos Ribeiro-Júnior; Miriam Pimenta Parreira Vale; Saul Martins Paiva; Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra; Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge; Isabela Almeida Pordeus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Angle orthodontist     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0003-3219     ISO Abbreviation:  Angle Orthod     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-27     Completed Date:  2008-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370550     Medline TA:  Angle Orthod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  647-54     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil. gois@nextwave.com.br
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenoids / pathology*
Airway Obstruction / complications
Brazil
Case-Control Studies
Cephalometry
Child
Child, Preschool
Dentition, Primary
Female
Fingersucking / adverse effects*
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Malocclusion / etiology*
Mouth Breathing / complications*
Pacifiers / adverse effects*
Risk Factors
Sucking Behavior

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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