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Influence of nitrate supplementation on VO(2) kinetics and endurance of elite cyclists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23020760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examined if an elevated nitrate intake would improve VO(2) kinetics, endurance, and repeated sprint capacity in elite endurance athletes. Ten highly trained cyclists (72 ± 4 mL O(2) /kg/min, mean ± standard deviation) underwent testing for VO(2) kinetics (3 × 6 min at 298 ± 28 W), endurance (120 min preload followed by a 400-kcal time trial), and repeated sprint capacity (6 × 20 s sprints, recovery 100 s) during two 6-day periods in randomized order with a daily ingestion of either 0.5 L beetroot (BR) juice to increase nitrate levels or a 0.5 L placebo (PLA) drink with blackcurrant juice. Plasma NOx (nitrate + nitrite) levels were higher (P < 0.01) in BR (147 ± 102 and 159 ± 103 μM after 4 and 6 days of beverage intake, respectively) compared with PLA (41 ± 10 and 40 ± 7 μM). VO(2) kinetics and exercise economy were the same in BR and PLA. Time-trial performance was similar with an average completion time of 18:20 and 18:37 min:s in BR and PLA, respectively, with average power outputs of 290 ± 43 W in BR and 285 ± 44 W in PLA. Peak and mean power during repeated sprinting were similar in BR and PLA. In contrast to observations in moderately trained subjects intake of BR juice had no effect on VO(2) kinetics and performance in elite cyclists.
Authors:
P M Christensen; M Nyberg; J Bangsbo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0838     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111504     Medline TA:  Scand J Med Sci Sports     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Team Danmark (Danish Elite sports organization, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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