Document Detail

Influence of motility and vitality in intracytoplasmic sperm injection with ejaculated and testicular sperm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16164429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The vitality of spermatozoa used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a crucial factor for fertilization, establishment and outcome of a pregnancy in assisted reproductive technique cycles. The sperm origin may also be a limiting factor, although little is known about this issue. It is known that the motility of injected spermatozoa and their origin from ejaculate or testicular biopsies are important predictors in terms of fertilization, pregnancy and birth rates. Oocytes of patients in 2593 cycles were retrieved in our in vitro fertilization programme and inseminated via ICSI. We used motile (group 1, n = 2317) or immotile ejaculated spermatozoa (group 2, n = 79), motile sperm retrieved from testicular biopsies (group 3, n = 62) and immotile spermatozoa from testicular biopsies (group 4, n = 135). Female age and number of oocytes retrieved did not differ significantly among the groups. The fertilization rates were as follows: 67.1% in group 1, 49.8% in group 2, 68.3% in group 3 and 47.8% in group 4. The pregnancy rates in cases where three embryos had been transferred amounted to 35.7% in group 1, 17.3% in group 2, 38.3% in group 3 and 20.5% in group 4. The embryo quality showed no differences between groups 1 and 3 (14.5), and between groups 2 (11.8) and 4 (10.8). The abortion rate was similar in groups 1-3, but increased in group 4 (26.6%, 27.3%, 31.6% and 55.5%). Irrespective of their origin, the fertilization potential of injected spermatozoa was found to be influenced by motility. The resulting pregnancy and birth rates, i.e. the potential of the resulting embryos to implant and to achieve viable pregnancies, seem to be additionally dependent on the sperm origin. This was well shown by declining rates when spermatozoa in a relatively early stage of maturity had been used. We see increasing evidence that the degree of sperm maturity has an important impact on the outcome of ICSI. In obstructive azoospermia, spermatozoa retrieved from the epididymis should be used rather than testicular biopsy spermatozoa, or testicular sperm should be preincubated in culture medium before ICSI.
T Stalf; C Mehnert; A Hajimohammad; K Manolopoulos; Y Shen; H-C Schuppe; T Diemer; W-B Schill; W Weidner; H-R Tinneberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Andrologia     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0303-4569     ISO Abbreviation:  Andrologia     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-16     Completed Date:  2005-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0423506     Medline TA:  Andrologia     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for In Vitro Fertilization, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Survival*
Pregnancy Outcome
Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic / methods*
Sperm Motility*
Spermatozoa / physiology*
Testis / pathology*

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