Document Detail


Influence of mineral characteristics on the retention of low molecular weight organic compounds: A batch sorption-desorption and ATR-FTIR study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25086719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the sorption-desorption behaviour of (14)C-labelled carboxylic acids (citric and oxalic) and amino acids (glutamic, alanine, phenylalanine and lysine) on pure minerals (kaolinite, illite, montmorillonite, ferrihydrite and goethite). The sorption experiments were complemented by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy to gain possible mechanistic insight into the organic acids-mineral interactions. In terms of charge, the organic solutes ranged from strongly negative (i.e., citric) to positively charged solutes (i.e., lysine); similarly the mineral phases also ranged from positively to negatively charged surfaces. In general, sorption of anionic carboxylic and glutamic acids was higher compared to the other compounds (except lysine). Cationic lysine showed a stronger affinity to permanently charged phyllosilicates than Fe oxides. The sorption of alanine and phenylalanine was consistently low for all minerals, with relatively higher sorption and lower desorption of phenylalanine than alanine. Overall, the role of carboxylic functional groups for the sorption and retention of these carboxylic and amino acids on Fe oxides (and kaolinite) and of amino group on 2:1 phyllosilicates was noticeable. Mineral properties (surface chemistry, specific surface area), chemistry of the organic compounds (pKa value, functional groups) and the equilibrium pH of the system together controlled the differences in sorption-desorption patterns. The results of this study aid to understand the effects of mineralogical and chemical factors that affect naturally occurring low molecular weight organic compounds sorption under field conditions.
Authors:
Sabina Yeasmin; Balwant Singh; Rai S Kookana; Mark Farrell; Donald L Sparks; Cliff T Johnston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of colloid and interface science     Volume:  432C     ISSN:  1095-7103     ISO Abbreviation:  J Colloid Interface Sci     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043125     Medline TA:  J Colloid Interface Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  246-257     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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